25 Different Types of Citrus Fruits and Their Health Benefits

There are many different types of citrus fruits, and each has its own unique set of health benefits. Citrus fruits are a good source of vitamin C and other antioxidants, which can help protect your body against disease. They also contain fiber, potassium, and other nutrients essential for good health.

What are Citrus Fruits?

Citrus fruits are a type of fruit that contains citrus acid, which gives them their characteristic flavor. Citrus fruits are widely cultivated worldwide and are used in many different cuisines.

Oranges, grapefruits, lemons, and limes are among the most popular sweet citrus fruit varieties worldwide. Tangerines, mandarins, pomelos, and kumquats are among the acidic citrus fruits.

All types of citrus fruits come from the citrus tree. The citrus tree is a flowering plant that's a member of the Rutaceae family. To correctly identify citrus fruits, you need to know their characteristics. The following are some of the most common features of citrus fruits:

  • Citrus fruits are citrus trees' fruit.
  • Citrus fruits are usually yellow, orange, or green.
  • Citrus fruits have a sour taste.
  • Citrus fruits are a good source of Vitamin C.

History of Citrus

Citrus fruits are some of the oldest fruits in the world and have been cultivated for over 4000 years. These fruits are believed to have originated in the region that's now India and China.

Citrus fruits were first mentioned in Chinese literature in 314 BC. They were then introduced to the Mediterranean region by the Arabs in the 8th century AD. The Spaniards introduced citrus fruits to America in the 16th century AD.

All the citrus fruits we see these days result from human intervention. They have been bred to be larger, tastier, and disease-resistant.

Types of Citrus Fruits

If you've ever been shopping for citrus fruit, it can be hard to know what citrus fruit you're looking for. That's because citrus fruits come in many different colors, shapes, and sizes.

Here are 25 of the most common citrus fruits to help you identify your favorite.

Orange

Named after the color - or the other way around.

Among citrus fruits, oranges are the most popular. They have a smooth, juicy texture and taste like sweet citrus. The combination of vitamin C, dietary fiber, and potassium in oranges makes them a powerhouse of nutrition. Eating oranges may reduce your risk of heart disease, stroke, and cancer. Oranges are also helpful in preventing kidney stones and maintaining healthy bones.

Oranges come in many different shapes and sizes and can be round or oval. Oranges can be as small as a golf ball or as large as a grapefruit. Oranges are usually yellow, orange, or green and are grown in many different parts of the world. The most popular oranges are the navel oranges grown in the United States.

Tangerine

Deceptively orange-like.

The sour citrus family includes tangerines, which are a citrus fruit. Tangerines are smaller than oranges with softer skin but are less acidic. Tangerines are a good source of Vitamin C and contain beta-carotene, a precursor to Vitamin A (it will produce Vitamin A when metabolized). This citrus fruit is usually orange in color but can also be yellow or red. Tangerines are named after the city of Tangier in Morocco, from where they were first introduced to Europe.

Mandarin Orange

Smaller and sweeter.

Mandarin oranges are the most commonly eaten type of citrus fruit. They are sweet oranges and have thin skin that's easy to peel. Mandarin oranges are often used in fruit salads and as a garnish. Mandarin oranges are round with a slightly flattened shape. They have a bright orange color and a sweet taste. Mandarin oranges are smaller than regular oranges and have a more intense flavor.

Clementine

Easily confused with the two fruits it blends.

Originating from China, Clementine is a citrus fruit, hybrid of mandarin and tangerine. It's a small citrus fruit that has a deep orange color. The Clementine is easy to peel and is seedless. It has a sweet taste and is often used in salads or snacks. It's grown mainly in Spain, Morocco, and Algeria.

Satsuma

Indistinguishable for the layman from its similar cousins.

Satsuma is a sour citrus fruit that's oval and has thin skin. The Satsuma is usually orange or yellow in color. This citrus is a good source of Vitamin C and is used in many different cuisines worldwide.

The Satsuma is a popular fruit because it's sweet and because of its thin skin. This fruit is a small citrus about 2-3 inches in diameter. The Satsuma is grown in many countries, including the United States, Japan, China, and India.

Blood Orange

Sporting an iconic color.

Blood oranges are a variety of orange fruit named for their dark red flesh. The skin of blood orange can be anywhere from light orange to deep red and is a type of sour citrus fruit. The health benefits of blood orange are said to include improved eye health, stronger bones, and a healthy cardiovascular system.

Blood oranges are typically smaller than other types of oranges. They are round or oval and have thin skin. The flesh is incredibly juicy and has a tart flavor. Blood oranges are grown in warm climates, such as Spain, Italy, Malta, and Morocco.

Lime

An indispensable accompaniment for many drinks.

Lime is a sour citrus fruit used in many different cuisines worldwide. Limes are a good source of Vitamin C and are used to add flavor to food. Limes are typically small but can vary in shape. They are usually green in color and have a sour taste. Limes are grown worldwide but are most popular in Mexico and India.

Kaffir Lime

Its health benefits make up for its odd appearance.

The Kaffir lime is a citrus fruit that's usually green in color. This sour citrus has a unique flavor and a tart aftertaste. Kaffir lime is an essential ingredient in a wide variety of cuisines. The Kaffir lime is about the same size as a golf ball.

As a cone-shaped creature, it possesses smooth, glossy skin. Since ancient times, Kaffir lime has been used in traditional medicine because of its anti-inflammatory properties. It's also known as makrut lime and is most commonly grown in Southeast Asia.

Philippine Lime (Calamansi)

A lime that is not lime colored.

Philippine limes are also known as calamansi. They are a type of sour citrus fruit native to the Philippines. Philippine limes are small, green, and oval-shaped. They have a sour taste and are used in many Filipino dishes. Philippine limes are a good source of Vitamin C.

In addition, they contain anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. The use of Philippine limes may reduce cancer and heart disease risk. They're cultivated in the Philippines and Southeast Asia.

Finger Limes

The least typical citrus.

Finger Limes are a small, elongated, and slightly curved type of citrus fruit. They are about 2-3 inches long and are usually green, yellow, or orange. Finger Limes have a sour taste and are used in many cuisines worldwide.

Finger limes have antioxidants and flavonoids that help reduce inflammation, the risk of cancer, heart disease, and boost your immune system. Finger Limes are mainly grown in Australia. They are also grown in California, Florida, and Texas.

Rangpur Lime

Inching closer to the lemon side of the citrus spectrum.

Rangpur lime is a type of citrus fruit that's closely related to the lemon. It's usually green or yellow in color and has a sour taste. Rangpur limes are a good source of Vitamin C. They are also a good source of other nutrients, including potassium, magnesium, and vitamin B6.

Rangpur limes are fruit made by crossing a citron and a mandarin orange. They are usually the size of a lemon and have a similar shape. They are grown in many different parts of the world, including Bangladesh, India, China, and South Africa.

Lemon

Shockingly versatile.

Lemons are a type of sour citrus fruit. They are the most acidic of all citrus fruits. Lemons are used to add flavor to food or make a drink more refreshing. They are high in vitamin C and potassium and contain antioxidants, which help prevent disease.

Lemons are oval-shaped and have a yellow peel. They are about the size of an orange. Lemons are grown in warm climates, such as California, Arizona, and Florida in the United States.

Citron

Essentially it is a lemon, but worse.

Citron is one of the ugliest citrus fruit of them all. It's large, bumpy, and green until it ripens to yellow in color. Citron doesn't have much taste, but it's a good source of Vitamin C. The properties of citron help with digestion, weight loss, and skincare. Citrons are grown in Asia and the Mediterranean region.

Grapefruit

Just when you thought the blood orange can't be confused with anything.

The grapefruit is a citrus fruit, usually yellow or orange in color. It's the largest citrus fruit after pomelo. It can weigh up to 1 kilogram (2.25 pounds). It has a sour taste and is used in many cuisines worldwide. Grapefruit contains Vitamin C, which is vital for our health.

The grapefruit was first grown in Jamaica in the 18th century. It was then introduced to Florida in the 19th century. Now it's grown in many different parts of the world, including the United States, Mexico, Brazil, and China.

Tangelo

A unique hybrid.

Tangelos are a type of citrus fruit that's a cross between a tangerine and a grapefruit. A combination of sweet and sour flavors characterizes these fruits. Tangelos are high in vitamin C, which is helpful for the immune system, digestion, and heart health. These plants may be found in the US, Mexico, and China.

Jamaican Tangelo (Ugly Fruit)

Uglier, yet tastier than the Citron.

A Jamaican tangelo is an ugly fruit hybrid of a grapefruit and a tangerine. It's oval and has a thick, bumpy skin that's orange in color. The flesh of the Jamaican tangelo is orange and juicy, and it has a tart, tangy flavor. The Jamaican tangelo's high vitamin C content makes it an excellent food for boosting the immune system.

The dietary fiber of this citrus can help promote regularity and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and obesity. The Jamaican tangelo is grown in the Caribbean region and other tropical climates such as Florida and Puerto Rico.

Kumquat

A real health booster.

The kumquat is a small citrus fruit. It's oval or oblong in shape and has a yellow or orange color. The fruit is used in various dishes, including pies, jams, and marmalades. Kumquats are an excellent source of Vitamin C.

They also contain fiber, potassium, and other nutrients. Kumquats may help improve digestion and help to lower cholesterol levels. They may also help to prevent cancer. The kumquat is native to China and is grown in many parts of Asia.

Pomelo

A giant among citrus.

Pomelo is a citrus fruit that belongs to the Rutaceae family. It's also known as Citrus maxima or Citrus grandis. The fruit is native to South and Southeast Asia. Pomelo is the largest citrus fruit, and it can weigh up to 4.5 kg (10 pounds). The fruit has a thick, greenish-yellow skin and pink, white, or red flesh. Pomelo is usually eaten fresh, but it can also be used in juice, jam, or marmalade.

Pomelo is a good source of dietary fiber, vitamins, and minerals. It's also low in calories and fat. The health benefits of pomelo include its ability to improve digestion and lower cholesterol levels. Pomelo is also known to boost the immune system, improve blood circulation, and detoxify the body.

Yuzu

A close relative of the lemon.

Yuzu is a small citrus fruit native to East Asia and is used extensively in Japanese cuisine. It's yellow or orange and has a sour, acidic taste similar to lemon or grapefruit. Yuzu is often used to add a tart, tangy flavor to dishes such as fish, rice, and noodles.

It can also be used as a garnish or to make a citrus-based sauce. Yuzu is rich in Vitamin C and antioxidants. It has been used for centuries in traditional Japanese medicine to treat various ailments.

Buddha’s Hand

Known for their iconic and arguably creepy shape.

Buddha's hand is a citrus fruit that resembles a yellow-green finger. It's used in Asia for its fragrant zest, which is used to flavor food and beverages. The fruit is also used in traditional medicine. The Buddha's hand plant is native to China and India and grown in other parts of Asia, including Japan, Korea, and Thailand.

The fruit is oblong and has thick skin. It's divided into sections, each containing seeds. The flesh of the fruit is white and contains no juice. The Buddha's hand symbolizes good luck and is often given as a gift. The fruit is also used in religious ceremonies. Buddhists believe that the fruit represents the Buddha's open hand, which symbolizes compassion.

Kinnow

Could you tell these apart from the rest?

The kinnow is a small to medium-sized citrus fruit. It has a spherical shape and a slightly flattened top and bottom. The fruit's skin is thin and orange in color with a greenish tinge. The flesh of the fruit is juicy, acidic, and tart. It has many edible seeds. The fruit is a cross between the mandarin orange and the lemon.

Kinnow is a popular citrus fruit in Pakistan and India. It's used as a flavoring agent in many of their dishes. Kinnow is a rich source of vitamin C and contains other vitamins and minerals such as potassium and magnesium. The fruit has many health benefits and boosts the immune system, improves digestion, and helps in weight loss.

Bitter Orange

Don't judge a fruit by its skin.

The bitter orange (Citrus aurantium) is a member of the Rutaceae family and is closely related to the sweet orange (Citrus sinensis). It's a small evergreen tree that grows to about 10 meters (33 feet) and has dark green, glossy leaves. The fruit is spherical or oval and is typically around 5-10 centimeters (2-4 inches) in diameter.

It has a thick, bitter peel that's orange or yellow in color. The fruit is segmented and contains many tiny seeds. Citrus fruits are generally acidic, and bitter oranges are no different. It's used as a flavoring agent in many foods and drinks and a fragrant oil in perfumes, cosmetics, and herbal medicine.

This citrus is said to have many health benefits, including aiding in digestion, boosting the immune system, and helping to lower cholesterol levels. Bitter oranges are native to southern China but grown in many other countries worldwide, including Spain, Italy, Morocco, and Brazil. In the United States, bitter oranges are grown in California and Florida.

Bergamot Orange

A potent flavoring agent.

Bergamot orange is a citrus fruit used to make Earl Grey tea. The oil from the peel is used in perfumes and cosmetics. The tree is native to Italy, and the fruit is named after the city of Bergamo in Lombardy. Bergamot oranges are small and spherical with thin, wrinkled skin. The flesh is pale yellow and has a sour, acidic taste. It contains volatile oils that can have a calming effect on the nervous system.

Calamondin

Lime-adjacent.

Calamondin or calamansi is a small citrus fruit known for its sour and tangy taste. It's often used to add flavor to food or to make drinks. The fruit is native to Southeast Asia and is closely related to the mandarin orange. It's a hybrid of the sour orange and the kumquat. It's typically round or oval and has a deep orange color. The skin of the fruit is thin and can be eaten.

Calamondin is rich in vitamin C and other nutrients. It has many health benefits, including boosting the immune system and aiding digestion. The fruit is also used as a natural cleaning agent and can be used to make a homemade citrus-scented cleaning spray.

Key Lime

Better used as an ingredient for lime-flavored creations than on its own.

Key limes are small, round citrus fruits typically green or yellow in color. They have thin, wrinkled skin and are very juicy. Key limes are smaller and more acidic than other limes, with a distinctively tart and tangy flavor. They are used to make limeade, key lime pie, and other lime-flavored desserts and beverages.

Key limes are a good source of Vitamin C and antioxidants. They also have a compound called limonene. Studies have shown that this compound may help fight cancer. The key lime is native to Southeast Asia but grown in many parts, including the Caribbean.

Closing Notes

With such a wide variety of citrus fruits, it can be hard to know which one is the best for you. Hopefully, this blog post has cleared up some of the misconceptions about citrus fruits and given you more information to help make your next shopping trip a little easier. Remember, not all citrus fruits are created equal, so experiment with different kinds until you find your favorite.

Posted by Harry Winston

Harry is an expert when it comes to decorating the interior of your dream home - as well as the tabletop with all sorts of delicious dishes. Whether you need culinary tips or interior design guides, you can rely on his expertise. When not writing about food or furnishing, Harry looking into these topics to stay on the top of current trends and new innovations.