If you live by the beach, salt can destroy your plants over time. Salt-tolerant species offer a solution to your problem. These coastal plants and flowers are versatile enough to grow in harsh weather conditions. That means they grow beautifully in coastal areas where salty sea air is constant. Even if you live inland near the sea, salt-tolerant plants and flowers can provide a fresh look for your home year-round with their variety of unique features of plant life.
Beach communities are constantly faced with the challenge of keeping their beaches looking beautiful and free from debris. The constant erosion caused by waves and wind can often be a massive headache for coastal homeowners and municipalities. One possible solution to this problem is planting. But coastal communities often have to deal with saltwater in the air and on the ground. This can be a problem for plants, as salt can damage them or make them unable to grow.
One possible solution is using salt-tolerant plants and flowers. These plants can withstand the harsh environment of a beach and can help to stabilize the shoreline. Beach communities can create beautiful landscaping resistant to the harsh climate by using salt-tolerant plants. This post will look at some of the best salt-tolerant plants and flowers for beach communities. We will also discuss the benefits of using these plants in coastal areas.
Coleus (Plectranthus scutellarioides)
Coleus is a tropical perennial plant frequently grown annually in cooler climates. It's a popular plant for gardeners because of its colorful foliage, which can be variegated or solid in purple, red, pink, yellow, green, or blue shades. Coleus is native to Southeast Asia and India.
However, it has been introduced to other regions of the world, including parts of the United States. Coleus thrives in full sun or partial shade along the coast and is tolerant of salt spray. It's often used as an accent plant in containers or as a groundcover in landscaping beds. Coleus will bloom in late summer or early fall with small blue or white flowers when given proper care.
Rosemary (rosmarinus officinalis)
Rosemary is a native Mediterranean herb that has been used for centuries in cooking and natural medicine. The plant is a member of the mint family and has needle-like leaves that are highly fragrant. Rosemary is tolerant of poor soils and drought conditions, making it an ideal plant for coastal regions. The plant prefers full sun and well-drained soil, and seeds, cuttings, or division can propagate it.
Rosemary can reach 2-4 ft (0.6-1.2 m) tall and has blue or purple flowers that bloom in the spring and summer. The essential oil of rosemary has numerous benefits, including promoting hair growth, improving memory, and relieving muscle pain. When you use rosemary, you can use it fresh, dried, or as an essential oil, making it a beneficial herb.
Bougainvillea is a plant that is commonly found in coastal regions. It's a hardy plant that can tolerate salt spray and strong winds. The bougainvillea is also known for its ability to recover from damage quickly. This makes it an ideal plant for areas prone to hurricanes or other natural disasters. In addition, the bougainvillea is exceptionally drought-tolerant and can survive on very little water.
This also makes it an ideal plant for arid regions. The bougainvillea is also known for its stunning flowers. These flowers range in color from white to pink to purple. Bougainvillea is an easy plant to care for and thrives in various conditions. As a result, it's an excellent choice for coastal regions.
Sea Kale (Crambe maritime)
Sea kale is a salt-tolerant, hardy perennial plant native to coastal regions of Europe and Asia. It has long been cultivated for its edible leaves and stems, which have a mild, cabbage-like flavor. In recent years, sea kale has gained popularity as an ornamental plant due to its beautiful, creamy white flowers.
It's also a valuable coastal plant as it helps stabilize dunes and prevent soil erosion. Sea kale is relatively easy to grow in maritime climates and can be propagated by seed or cuttings. With proper care, it will provide years of enjoyment in the garden.
Winterberry Holly (Ilex verticillata)
Winterberry holly, native to eastern North America, is a popular plant for coastal gardens. This deciduous tree is noted for its attractive fall and winter berries, which provide birds with food. The tree grows in various habitats, including wetland margins and open woodlands. It's tolerant of both sun and shade and prefers moist soils.
The winterberry holly can be an aggressive spreader and may need to be controlled in some settings. However, its ability to tolerate poor drainage and salt spray makes it an ideal plant for seaside gardens. The winterberry holly will provide year-round interest in the landscape with proper care.
Many people think of ornamental grasses as just something to add a bit of texture and interest to their gardens. However, these plants can also be convenient in coastal areas. Due to their hardy nature and salt tolerance, they can withstand the harsh conditions found near the ocean.
In addition, they can help stabilize dunes and prevent beach erosion. Additionally, they provide habitat for numerous wildlife species, including birds, small mammals, and reptiles. They can play an important role in the health of coastal ecosystems.
Pin Oaks or Swamp Spanish Oaks (Quercus palustris)
Pin oak is a type of tree commonly found in coastal areas. These trees are known for their tall, straight trunks and distinctive leaf shapes. Swamp Spanish oaks are often used as windbreaks or privacy screens in coastal areas. They can provide an effective barrier against strong winds.
In addition, these trees are also famous for their ability to tolerate salt and pollutants in the air. As a result, pin oaks are an excellent choice for planting in coastal areas.
English Ivy, European Ivy, or Common Ivy (Hedera helix)
English ivy is common in gardens and homes, but did you know that this fast-growing plant is also an effective coastal plant? English ivy is native to Europe and western Asia. It has been introduced to North America, where it's now naturalized. This evergreen vine is hardy and tolerant of many conditions, making it an ideal plant for coastal areas. English ivy can be used as a groundcover or climbing plant.
It's especially well-suited for covering walls and trellises. The dense root network helps stabilize the soil, and the broad leaves provide year-round protection from wind and sun. In addition, English ivy is an excellent food source for birds, small mammals, and butterflies. So if you're looking for a versatile and low-maintenance plant for your coastal garden, English ivy is a great option.
Daylilies (Hemerocallis spp.)
Hemerocallis, commonly known as daylilies, is a large genus of flowering plants that includes over 70 species. Although they're native to temperate regions of Asia and Europe, they have been introduced to many other parts of the world, including the coastlines of North and South America. Daylilies are generally hardy plants that can tolerate growing conditions, ideal for coastal landscaping.
They're salt-tolerant and can withstand strong winds, making them well-suited for exposed sites. In addition, daylilies are relatively drought-tolerant and can thrive in sandy soils. Their showy flowers come in various colors, including yellow, orange, red, and purple, making them an attractive addition to any garden. Daylilies are a great way to add color and interest to a landscape on the coast because of their versatility and bright blooms.
Garden Geraniums (Pelargonium x hortorum)
Geraniums are a versatile and widely-grown plant, prized for their showy flowers and ability to thrive in various conditions. One little-known fact about geraniums is that they're also an excellent choice for seaside gardening. Native to South Africa, geraniums are accustomed to hot, dry conditions and can withstand salt spray and strong winds. They're also resistant to many common pests and diseases, making them a low-maintenance option for coastal gardens.
When choosing a geranium for your garden, look for a variety of dense foliage. This will help protect the plant from wind damage. And be sure to give it plenty of sunlight; most geraniums need at least six hours of sunlight per day to perform at their best. Your geraniums will provide you with years of beautiful blooms with a bit of care.
Moss Rose (Portulaca grandiflora)
The moss rose is a beautiful and hardy plant native to coastal regions. It gets its name from its dense growth of moss-like leaves, which help protect the plant from the harsh conditions of the coastline. The moss rose is tolerant of salt spray and strong winds, making it an ideal plant for seaside gardens. It also has a high tolerance for drought, making it an excellent choice for xeriscaping.
Moss rose is available in various colors, including pink, white, yellow, and red. It's a popular plant for use as a groundcover or in hanging baskets. Moss rose is a low-maintenance plant that will thrive with minimal care.
Seaberry (Hippophae rhamnoides)
Seaberry, also known as Sea Buckthorn, is a deciduous shrub native to Europe, Russia, and Asia. It grows in sandy, well-drained soils and prefers full sun to partial shade. Seaberry is tolerant of salt spray and wind, making it an ideal plant for coastal regions. The shrub has glossy green leaves, and small yellow flowers bloom in the summer.
In the fall, the leaves turn a beautiful orange-red color. The seaberry fruit is a small, orange berry rich in vitamins and antioxidants. The berries can be eaten fresh or made into jams, jellies, and other preserves. Seaberry is a hardy plant that can withstand harsh conditions. It's an excellent choice for areas subject to salt spray, wind, or poor drainage.
Scarlet Beebalm (Monarda didyma)
The scarlet beebalm is a beautiful and popular plant often used in seaside gardens. While it's tolerant of salt spray and wind, it does not do well in direct sunlight. The scarlet beebalm prefers partial shade and moist, well-drained soils. It's a member of the mint family and has an upright growth habit, reaching heights of up to 3 ft (0.91 m).
The leaves are large and fragrant, and the flowers are a deep red color. The scarlet beebalm blooms from June to August and attracts bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. It's a perfect plant for adding color and interest to a coastal garden.
Garden Thyme (Thymus vulgaris)
Garden thyme (Thymus vulgaris) is a small, evergreen herb native to the Mediterranean. This plant is often used in cooking as a spice, and it can also be found in some perfumes and cosmetics. Garden thyme is relatively easy to grow, and it's tolerant of both drought and salt spray. As a result, this plant is an excellent choice for gardeners who live in coastal areas.
Garden thyme prefers full sun and well-drained soil, but it will also tolerate partial shade. The plant can reach a height of up to 20 inches (50 cm), and its small, fragrant flowers attract bees and other pollinators. Garden thyme is an essential ingredient in many dishes, and it also has several medicinal uses. This versatile plant is a valuable addition to any garden.
Ivy Geraniums (Pelargonium peltatum)
The ivy geranium (Pelargonium peltatum) is a popular coastal plant. It's fast-growing and can quickly cover a trellis or fence. The leaves are dark green and glossy, and the flowers are white, pink, or red. Ivy geraniums are drought-tolerant and can tolerate salt spray, making them ideal for the seaside.
However, they're not tolerant of cold temperatures and should be protected from frost. This type of plant can be grown in pots or on the ground. Ivy geraniums can be propagated by cutting off the stems.
Star Jasmine (Trachelospermum jasminoides)
The star jasmine is a vigorous and public evergreen twining climber with intensely perfumed flowers. It has long, thick, lustrous dark green leaves glossy above and paler below. The white, waxy, star-shaped flowers are borne singly or in pairs and are fragrant. The flowers appear in late spring to early summer and sometimes in autumn.
Star jasmine is an excellent seaside plant as it tolerates salt-laden winds. This year-round beauty can provide sweet-smelling coverage for sun-drenched decks, arbors, or fences—plant it in full sun to part shade in well-drained soil. Occasional pruning will maintain its compact habit and promote flowering.
It gets the name "Confederate Jasmine" from its exquisite fragrance that fills the air on warm summer nights in the South, reminiscent of jasmine blossom plantations during the Civil War era. It's no wonder this twining evergreen vine adorned many verandas in old southern homes.
Shrub Verbenas (Lantana camara)
Shrub verbenas is native to Central and South America and has been introduced to tropical and subtropical regions worldwide. It's a perennial shrub that typically grows to 3-6 ft (0.91-1.83 m) in height and width but can reach up to 15 ft (4.57 m) in ideal conditions. Lantana camara is drought-tolerant and can grow in various soil types, though it prefers well-drained soils.
It can be planted in full sun or partial shade and is tolerant of salt spray, making it ideal for coastal regions. The fragrant flowers are borne in clusters and attract pollinators, including bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. The fruits are poisonous to humans but are consumed by birds, which disperse the seeds in their droppings, thus spreading the plant into new areas.
Lantana camara can be an invasive species in some places. Still, its ability to grow in a wide range of environments makes it a valuable tool for stabilizing coastal dunes and preventing soil erosion on the coast.
Blackthorn (Prunus spinosa)
Blackthorn is a perennial shrub or small tree native to Europe, western Asia, and Northwest Africa. Its black bark and dark-colored fruits characterize it. Blackthorn has a long history of being used as a coastal plant. It's tolerant of salt spray and wind, making it an ideal choice for protecting coastal areas from erosion. Additionally, the deep roots of blackthorn help stabilize the soil and prevent slippage.
In recent years, blackthorn has also created green infrastructure in coastal areas. Living shorelines made up of blackthorn can provide natural protection from storms and flooding while also supporting local wildlife. As our coastlines are threatened by climate change, blackthorn will become an even more pressing plant for protecting against erosion and making us more resilient.
Prickly Pear Cactus (Opuntia spp.)
The prickly pear cactus is a type of cactus that is indigenous to the Americas. These cacti are characterized by their flattened stems and range in size from small shrubs to trees. Prickly pear cacti are also known for their large, colorful flowers and edible fruits.
In recent years, prickly pear cacti have been touted as ideal plants for coastal regions. This is due to their ability to tolerate salt spray and windy conditions. Additionally, prickly pears can help to stabilize dunes and prevent erosion. They're becoming more and more popular for landscaping in coastal areas.
California Poppy (Eschscholzia californica)
The California poppy (Eschscholzia californica) is a species of native wildflower found in California's coastal regions. The plant is known for its showy orange flowers, which bloom throughout the spring and summer. The California poppy is an annual plant, meaning that it completes its life cycle within one growing season.
The plant grows best in full sun and sandy soil. It's also tolerant of salt spray and windy conditions, making it an ideal plant for coastal gardens. The California poppy is a low-maintenance plant that requires little care once established. It's deer-resistant and can tolerate periods of drought.
However, the plant may need supplemental watering during extended dry periods. The California poppy is suitable for gardeners who want to add color to their landscape because of its beautiful flowers and simple care needs.
Creeping Juniper (Juniperus horizontalis)
Creeping juniper (Juniperus horizontalis) is a low-growing, evergreen shrub native to North America. It's commonly found in coastal areas and is an important plant species. Creeping juniper forms a dense network of roots and stems that helps to stabilize the soil and prevent erosion.
The plant's small, needle-like leaves are arranged in opposite pairs along the stems. The leaves are dark green and have a waxy coating that helps to protect them from salt spray and wind damage. The plant produces small blueberries, an essential food source for birds and other wildlife.
Creeping juniper is a hardy plant that can tolerate harsh conditions, making it ideal for use in coastal areas. Juniperus horizontalis can also be pruned to create an attractive hedgerow. The plant is evergreen, so it will provide year-round interest in the landscape.
Seaside Daisy (Erigon glaucus)
The seaside daisy, also known as the beach aster, is a native plant to many coasts worldwide. It grows in salt marshes, dunes, and other sunny areas near the ocean. The seaside daisy is an annual herb that usually only grows to about a foot tall.
Around its stems are small, blue-green leaves, and at the top of the plant are clusters of daisy-like flowers that can be white, pink, or purple. This plant blooms from early summer to late fall and attracts a variety of pollinators, including bees, butterflies, and flies.
The seaside daisy is an important plant for coastal ecosystems because it helps to stabilize dunes and prevent erosion. It's also tolerant of salt spray and drought, making it an ideal plant for gardens near the ocean. If you are looking for a beautiful and durable plant for your seaside, the seaside daisy is a great option.
Lilyturf (Liriope spicata)
Lilyturf is a perennial grass-like plant native to coastal areas of China and Japan. This evergreen plant has long, strap-like leaves and produces small, purple flowers in summer. Lilyturf is tolerant of salt spray and wind, making it an ideal plant for coastal gardens. This hardy plant is also drought-tolerant and does not require much maintenance.
Lilyturf can be used as an edging plant, groundcover, or accent in various landscape designs. When selecting a site for planting, choose an area that receives full sun to partial shade and has well-drained soil. Lilyturf can be propagated by division in spring or fall.
For best results, water the plants deeply and regularly during the first growing season to help them become established. After that, lilyturf only needs occasional watering to keep it healthy. Fertilize the plants yearly with a slow-release fertilizer in late spring. Lilyturf is an ideal plant for seaside gardens with its ease of care and tolerance to salt spray and wind.
Apple Blossom (escallonia)
The apple blossom is a beautiful flowering shrub native to North and South America. It grows near the coast in its natural habitat in areas subject to high winds and salt spray. As a result, it has developed many adaptations that make it an ideal plant for coastal gardens. The leaves of the apple blossom are thick and leathery, protecting them from the harsh elements.
The flowers are also very tough, and they can withstand high winds and salt spray without damage. Furthermore, the plant's roots grow very deep, allowing it to securely anchor itself in the ground. As a result of these adaptations, the apple blossom can thrive in conditions that would damage other plants.
Wall Germander (Teucrium chamaedrys)
Wall germander (Teucrium chamaedrys) is a compact, evergreen shrub native to the Mediterranean region and North Africa. This hardy plant is tolerant of salt spray and wind, making it ideal for seaside gardens. Wall germander has small, dark green leaves, and clusters of pink or lavender flowers bloom from late spring to early summer.
This low-maintenance plant does not require frequent pruning, and it can be easily propagated from stem cuttings. Wall germander is a good choice for gardeners who want a hardy plant that doesn't need much attention.
Lavender (Lavandula) is a versatile plant used in many settings, including coastal areas. Although it's native to the Mediterranean, lavender can thrive in other climates. It's frequently used as an ornamental plant in seaside gardens. The key to growing lavender in a coastal setting is to choose a location that receives full sun and has well-drained soil.
Lavender prefers dry conditions and can tolerate salt spray, making it an ideal choice for windy, exposed sites. When planting lavender, give it room to spread, as it will grow quite rapidly. With proper care, lavender will provide years of enjoyment in any garden.
Virginia Creeper Vines (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)
The Virginia creeper vine (Parthenocissus quinquefolia) is a favorite for gardeners looking for a fast-growing, low-maintenance plant. But did you know that this hardy vine is also well-suited to life on the coast? Tolerant to both salt and wind, the Virginia creeper vine can be excellent for coastal gardens.
The plant's strong roots help stabilize dunes and prevent erosion. At the same time, its dense foliage provides valuable shade and shelter for birds and other wildlife. In addition, the Virginia creeper vine is a vigorous climber, quickly covering walls, fences, and trellises. So if you're looking for a plant that can add beauty and function to your coastal property, consider the Virginia creeper vine.
Round-Leaved Pigface (Disphyma crassifolium)
Round-leaved pigface is a hardy, succulent coastal plant native to Australia and New Zealand. It's often found in sandy or rocky areas near the shore, and it has long been used as a ground cover by landscapers. Pigface is an evergreen, drought-tolerant plant that can reach a height of up to 30 cm (11.81 inches).
The leaves are thick and fleshy, with a deep green color. The flowers are small and white, and they appear in late spring or early summer. Pigface is an ideal plant for seaside gardens, as it can withstand salt spray and strong winds. It's also a low-maintenance plant, and it requires little watering once it's established.
Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina)
Staghorn sumac is a native plant commonly found along the coast of the United States. It's a deciduous shrub that can grow up to 25 ft (7.62 m) tall and 30 ft (9.14 m) wide. The staghorn sumac leaves are alternate, odd-pinnately compound with 9–31 leaflets. The flowers are small, greenish-yellow, and are borne in dense, round clusters.
The fruit is a red-brown drupe that matures in late summer or fall. The staghorn sumac is an abundant nectar source for bees and other pollinators. It's also a popular food source for birds, small mammals, and deer. The staghorn sumac provides shelter and nesting sites for many animals, including birds and small mammals such as squirrels. It's an essential plant for wildlife habitats.
The staghorn sumac grows in full sun to partial shade and prefers well-drained soils. It's tolerant of salt spray and compacted soils. It can be found in forests, fields, vacant lots, roadsides, and coastal areas. The staghorn sumac is suitable for erosion control on slopes or naturalized areas. It can also be used as a hedge or screen.
Hummingbird Fuchsia (Fuchsia magellanica)
The hummingbird fuchsia is a tropical shrub that is native to South America. Though it's a hardy plant, it does best in locations that receive full sun and high humidity. Hummingbird fuchsia can grow up to 15 ft (4.57 m) tall and wide, forming a dense mass of foliage and flowers. The flowers are vibrant red and fragrant, attracting hummingbirds and butterflies.
Hummingbird fuchsia is tolerant of salt spray and wind, ideal for coastal gardens. Hummingbird fuchsia is a beautiful, low-maintenance plant that provides hummingbirds and butterflies with a food source. It's also an excellent choice for people looking for an exotic plant that can add beauty and color to their coastal property.
Beach Rose (Rosa rugosa)
The beach rose is a hardy shrub that can grow up to 4–8 ft (1.2–2.4 m) tall and wide. It's native to the coasts of Europe and eastern Asia. The beach rose can tolerate various environmental conditions in its natural habitat, including wind and salt spray. This adaptability makes it a popular choice for coastal areas, especially those subject to high winds and salt spray.
The beach rose has several additional traits that make it ideal for growing on the coast. The plants are long-lived, able to survive for up to 100 years. They're also known for their disease resistance and hardiness. The beach rose thrives in many different types of soil and can withstand periods of drought. This robust, adaptable plant is a good choice for any seaside garden.
Darwin’s Barberry (Berberis darwinii)
Darwin's barberry is an evergreen shrub that can grow up to 10 ft (3m) tall and wide. It's native to the coast of Chile but can be grown in other locations as well. Darwin's barberry is tolerant of salt spray, wind, and sandy soil. It's often used as a hedge plant and a foundation plant in coastal gardens.
The plant's tough, adaptable nature and showy orange and red flowers make it an excellent choice for any garden looking to add some color. Darwin's barberry is a tough, versatile plant that can help to stabilize dunes and prevent erosion along the coast. It's also beautiful to look at, and its brilliant flowers can add a colorful contrast to any seaside garden.
Northern Bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica)
Northern bayberry (Myrica pensylvanica), also known as northern candleberry, is a shrub that can grow up to 15 ft (4.5 m) tall and 10 ft (3 m) wide. It's native to eastern North America but can be grown in other areas. The plant can tolerate dry soil and wind, which is ideal for coastal landscapes. Northern bayberry prefers full sun and well-drained soil, but it can tolerate partial shade and other soil types.
Northern bayberry is tolerant of salt spray, making it a strong choice for coastal gardens. It can be used in various settings, including naturalized areas and coastal landscaping. Northern bayberry provides shelter and nesting sites for birds and small animals. The shrub also provides nectar for bees and other pollinators, making it one of the best plants for wildlife habitats.
Sea Thrift (Armeria maritime)
Sea thrift is a perennial, salt-tolerant flower native to the eastern Mediterranean and parts of Europe. It's often found along the coast of the United States. The plant can tolerate different environmental conditions, including salt spray and wind. In landscaping, sea thrift is often planted to provide additional shelter and nesting sites for birds and small animals and add color to coastal areas.
The plant's slender, delicate foliage is a nice contrast to other coastal plants' bold, dark foliage. Like other seaside plants, sea thrift is not picky about where it's planted. It can thrive in various settings, including rocky shorelines, sandy shores, and dunes. It can be found growing as a perennial or an annual. Either way, sea thrift is an excellent choice for any coastal property.
Adam’s Needle (Yucca filamentosa)
Adam's needle is a hardy, deciduous perennial native to the southeastern United States. It's commonly found in coastal environments and can tolerate salt spray, wind, and droughts. Adam's needle is often used as a border or hedge in landscaping. It has a sturdy, upright profile and can grow up to 8 ft (2.43 m) tall and 3 ft (0.91 m) wide. The flowers are white and bell-shaped and appear in late spring or early summer.
Adam's needle is a good choice for seaside gardens, as it can withstand winds and salt spray. It's also drought-tolerant, which makes it well-suited for areas that receive little rainfall. Adam's needle can be used to help reclaim damaged habitats by building up dunes and other coastal regions.
Yellow Horned Poppy (Glaucium flavum)
The yellow horned poppy is a perennial wildflower native to the Mediterranean region of Europe, western Asia, and North Africa. In the United States, it can be found along the coasts of Alabama, Georgia, and South Carolina, where it grows in rocky coastal areas.
The yellow-horned poppy can grow up to 2 ft (0.60 m) tall and has a papery sheath covering the stem and leaves. The flowers are a vibrant, beautiful yellow color and can reach up to 2 inches (5 cm) in diameter. The plant is a good choice for coastal gardens and naturalized areas.
It's tolerant of salt spray and sandy soil, making it better suited for coastal locations than many other coastal plants. The yellow-horned poppy attracts butterflies, bees, and other pollinators. It's an excellent choice for people looking for a beautiful, nectar-rich flower for their coastal property.
White Oak (Quercus alba)
The White Oak (Quercus alba), also known as the Southern White Oak, is a fast-growing, majestic shade tree that can grow to 100 ft (30 m) tall. The plant is native to eastern and central North America, but it's also widespread across Europe and Asia. The tree prefers full sun and well-drained soil but can tolerate partial shade and other soil types. White oak is ubiquitous in landscaping and is often used as a street or park tree.
It's a good choice for areas prone to flooding, as it can tolerate shallow standing water. It's tolerant of salt spray and wind and grows well in sandy soil. White oak is often planted along coastal areas to help stabilize dunes, prevent erosion, and create a windbreak. It's an excellent choice for coastal areas that are prone to flooding.
Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)
Yarrow is a perennial native to cold and temperate regions throughout Europe, Asia, and North America. In landscaping, yarrow is often planted in gardens as an ornamental plant. It can be used in many locations and grow up to 3 ft (0.91 m) tall. It has a fernlike appearance and a delicate, lacy appearance. The flowers are bright and white and can reach up to 1.5 inches (3.81 cm) in diameter.
Yarrow is a good choice for both coastal and inland properties. It's very adaptable, as it can grow in different soil types and settings. This perennial can tolerate full sun, partial shade, and dry soil. It's often used in prairie settings and meadows. Yarrow is a good companion for other prairie plants such as goldenrod and coneflower.
The plant attracts pollinators such as butterflies and bees. Like other coastal plants, yarrow does not have a demanding nature. It's tolerant of salt spray, wind, and sandy soil, making it a good choice for coastal landscaping.
Northern Red Oak (Quercus rubra)
Northern red oak is a large, fast-growing, deciduous tree that can grow up to 75 ft (23 m) tall and 45 ft (13 m) wide. It's native to eastern North America but is widespread across Europe and Asia. The plant prefers full sun and well-drained soil but can tolerate partial shade and other soil types.
The leaves are dark green and pinnately compound and can grow up to 8 inches (20 cm) long. The tree is often used as a street, park, or foundation tree in landscaping. It's a fantastic option for flood-prone locations since it can stand up to shallow standing water. It's tolerant of salt spray and wind and grows well in sandy soil.
Northern red oak is often planted along coastal areas to help stabilize dunes, prevent erosion, and create a windbreak. It's a great option for flood-prone coastal locations. Like most coastal plants, the tree takes salt through its leaves and can tolerate salt spray.
Hawthorn is a thorny shrub native to temperate regions of Europe, Asia, and North America. It's often used in landscaping, especially in areas where thorny bushes are needed for privacy. It's a fast-growing shrub that can reach 30 ft (9.14 m) tall and 20 ft (6.09 m) wide. The plant is tolerant of dry conditions and can grow in full sun or shade. Its thorny branches make it a good choice for a boundary hedge.
The flowers are white and appear in late spring or early summer. The flowers attract pollinators such as bees. Hawthorn is a finicky plant that is not tolerant of salt spray and prefers sandy soil. However, it can tolerate wind and other salt-related conditions. It can be used in various settings and is suitable for coastal areas.
Sunburst Honey Locust (Gleditsia triacanthos)
Sunburst Honey Locust is a deciduous, thorny shrub native to central North America. The plant is commonly found along the coast of Georgia and can tolerate salt spray and wind. It can grow up to 40 ft (12 m) tall and 35 ft (11 m) wide. The branches are covered in thorns, and the plant has bright, fragrant flowers.
The plant is often used as a shade tree or barrier hedge. It's a good choice for coastal areas, tolerant of salt spray, wind, and wind damage. Because it has thorns, the plant makes a good barrier. It's often used as a windbreak to protect the land from coastal winds and salt spray and keep neighbors from seeing it.
Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana)
Eastern red cedar is a large, drought-tolerant, evergreen shrub or tree native to eastern North America. It grows along with the coastal areas of Georgia and is tolerant of salt spray and wind. It can grow up to 50 ft (15 m) tall and 20 ft (6 m) wide. The plant is suitable for coastal areas prone to flooding since the wood is resistant to rotting and decay.
It's also an excellent choice to stabilize dunes. The flowers are white and appear in late spring or early summer. As the plant can survive in shallow water, it's a suitable option for places that experience floods. It's tolerant of salt spray and wind and grows well in sandy soil.
Myrtle (Vinca minor)
Myrtle or periwinkle (Vinca minor) is an evergreen perennial ground cover native to the Mediterranean region of Europe, western Asia, and North Africa. It grows in well-drained, sandy soil and can tolerate any soil, although it grows best in well-drained, sandy soils. The plant can grow up to 2 ft (24 inches) tall and 1 foot (12 inches) wide.
The flowers are pink and appear in mid-spring. They attract pollinators such as butterflies. This plant is an excellent option if you live in a region prone to floods. It's tolerant of salt spray and wind and grows well in sandy soil. The plant does not demand much care and can be planted in a mass to provide a quick green carpet for coastal areas as it proliferates and spreads quickly.
Canary Island Date Palm Trees (Phoenix canariensis)
Canary Island date palm trees are a beautiful and majestic plant native to the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean. They're one of the most common trees in the Canary Islands and can be found everywhere. They're often used to line streets in upscale neighborhoods, provide shade in parks, and add visual appeal to landscaped properties.
A single palm tree is an impressive plant and can grow up to 70 ft (21 m) tall and 40 ft (12 m) wide. The trunk is large and straight and can be up to 7 ft (2.13 m) thick. The leaflets are green and grow to be up to 80 to 100. The tree is deciduous and loses its leaves in the autumn. In the winter, the trunk stands naked against the island's skyline. The tree is an excellent choice for coastal areas, as it's tolerant of salt spray, wind, and wind damage.
Canary Island date palms, also known as Canary Island fan palms, are the most common palm species in the Canary Islands. The trees are graceful and beautiful, and desired plants are often used to beautify and add character to coastal areas.
Summer Lilac (Buddleia davidii)
Summer lilac, also known as butterfly bush, is a fast-growing, shade-tolerant shrub. It's a tender perennial used as a spring-flowering shrub. However, it can be grown outdoors in the southeastern United States year-round. It's planted in full sun in the summer and partial shade in the winter. It's native to China and is often planted in coastal areas.
The plant can grow up to 16 ft (5 m) tall and 15 ft (4.57 m) wide and is a popular specimen plant. It's a fast-growing shrub, often used to fill in large areas and provide a quick, sturdy hedge. It's a good choice for a fence because it does not have thorns, is fast-growing, and is easy to train.
The flowers are white and appear in late spring or early summer. The flowers attract pollinators such as butterflies. Coastal regions prone to flooding are ideal locations for this plant, and it's also tolerant of shallow standing water and strong winds.